A fuel filter is a part that you might not even know exists in your vehicle. However, your fuel often has tiny particles or debris in it that could be harmful to your engine. So, instead of allowing those particles to pass from your fuel tank to your combustion chamber, your fuel filter stops them. Think of the way a water filter or air filter filters out impurities. Your fuel filter performs the same function. Eventually, your filter will become clogged with those impurities, and it will be difficult for fuel to pass through it. How can you tell when your fuel filter is going bad and needs replacement? Keep reading as we give you the symptoms you need to watch for.
Bad Fuel Filter Symptoms
Most of the time, you will notice when your fuel filter is becoming clogged or going bad. There will be noticeable symptoms that something is wrong, so you just need to know what to watch out for. Here are the most common clogged fuel filter symptoms.
#1. Difficulty Starting Engine
Your engine requires a burst of fuel when it is starting, and this often requires your fuel system to push a higher than normal volume of fuel through the system. Your fuel pump will send the fuel from the tank to your fuel injectors, but the fuel must first pass through the filter. If the filter is going bad, the volume of fuel required at startup might be slow to go through the filter. This means that it might take longer than normal for your engine to start. Without the proper amount of fuel, you will experience hard starting problems. So, if you notice that your starter spins the engine longer than usual before the engine finally runs on its own, it might be due to a bad fuel filter.
#2. Frequent Engine Stalling
An engine that frequently stalls could signal a bad or clogged fuel filter. Contaminants in your fuel can begin to clog the filter, and this could lead to engine stalling. As you press the accelerator pedal harder, your fuel pump needs to send more fuel to the engine. However, a dirty fuel filter may not allow a constant flow of fuel to pass through the fuel line. When this happens, your engine might only get fuel intermittently. These temporary shortages of fuel will cause your vehicle to stall. Not only is this annoying, but it could be extremely dangerous when driving in traffic. If your engine is stalling, you should have an automotive repair shop check things out right away.
#3. Poor Acceleration Or Engine Performance
When you step on the accelerator, you expect your car to take off and speed up quickly. However, a dirty fuel filter can prevent this from happening. If the filter is dirty or clogged, it can prevent the fuel system from having enough fuel pressure to properly feed the injectors. This will cause your engine to have a low fuel supply, and it will essentially be starving for fuel. This can be especially noticeable under a heavy load as you attempt to accelerate. If you notice a lack of engine power or poor performance, you might have a bad fuel filter that needs replacing.
#4. Rough Idling
Once your fuel filter gets dirty enough, it won’t even allow enough fuel through it to keep the engine idling. Once the engine starts, it only requires a small flow of fuel to keep it running. However, if the dirty filter is causing the fuel pressure to fluctuate, it might be noticeable as the car idles. You might notice your tachometer bouncing instead of holding a steady RPM at idle. You might also feel your car shake or vibrate as it idles. This rough idling could be a symptom of a faulty throttle position sensor or bad spark plugs. Any of these problems could also be signs of a clogged fuel filter or a partial blockage in the fuel system. You should have a mechanic check things out to get your car running smoothly again.
#5. Engine Misfires
Engine misfires are quite common, and they can be caused by a variety of problems. While misfires could be the result of bad spark plugs, they can also signal a fuel injection system problem. A fuel delivery problem is an extremely common cause of a car engine misfire. This could be the result of a bad fuel pump, clogged injectors, or a dirty fuel filter. While you can use fuel system cleaner to remove the buildup from your injectors, dirty fuel filter symptoms will only disappear with a new filter replacement.
#6. Check Engine Light Illuminated
A check engine light can illuminate for many different reasons, but it could be one of the signs of a bad fuel filter. Most auto parts stores will read the trouble code for you at no charge so that you can diagnose and repair the problem. However, you should know that there is generally no code specific to a bad fuel filter. You might only have an engine misfire code or a code related to a fuel system problem. Perhaps the fuel pressure sensor alerted the car’s computer to a low-pressure situation, but you might have to determine the specific problem on your own. It could be a bad fuel pressure regulator, bad fuel pump, or clogged fuel filter. If you are unsure how to properly diagnose the issue, you should consult a mechanic for help.
How To Replace Your Car’s Clogged Fuel Filter
Many people wonder how to change a fuel filter. A fuel filter replacement is not extremely difficult on most vehicles, although there are a few things you should know beforehand. The first and most important thing to know is that gas is highly flammable. You should never work on your car’s fuel system unless you have the proper knowledge and tools to perform the job. When you’re ready to get started, you should locate the car’s fuel filter. It is usually located along the fuel line not far from the gas tank. Most filters sit in line with the fuel line so that fuel can pass directly through the filter.
Next, you should make sure that the fuel line coming from the tank is properly clamped off so that fuel does not continue to leak once you remove the old filter. Also, be aware that your fuel system is pressurized. This means that fuel might spray out of the line as soon as you remove it. Many newer vehicles have a mechanism that allows you to depressurize the system before removing the filter. Once you have removed the old filter, you should install the new filter and reconnect the fuel lines. Make sure that the lines fit tightly and all clamps are re-attached properly. A fuel leak could be extremely dangerous, so you will want to start the vehicle and ensure that there are absolutely no leaks around the new filter.
In severe cases, you might even need to remove and clean your gas tank. If your tank has debris or contaminants that caused the filter to become clogged, the new filter will go bad quickly unless you remove that debris. This is a difficult job that should not be attempted by an amateur. You should consult a professional mechanic for help with cleaning your fuel tank.
How Often You Should Replace A Fuel Filter
Many people wonder how often they should replace their fuel filters. The answer depends on your specific vehicle, and it can also depend on the quality of gas that you buy. You can generally consult your owner’s manual for the manufacturer’s recommendation on replacement frequency. Most mechanics recommend that fuel filters be replaced every 30,000 to 50,000 miles today. However, some vehicles do not require replacements that often.
You might find that some vehicles only require replacement every 100,000 to 150,000 miles. Again, this is extremely dependent on your driving conditions and fuel quality. Purchasing low-grade or cheap gasoline can have a negative effect on your filter, and it might require the filter to be replaced more often. Some gas stations might have more small contaminants in their storage tanks than others. If you notice any of the common signs of a bad fuel filter, then it is likely a good idea to go ahead and have it replaced.
Fuel Filter Replacement Cost
Replacing a fuel filter is not a complex job on most vehicles, so the cost to have a mechanic replace the filter is not that expensive. For most cars today, the cost to replace a fuel filter will range from $120 to $225. This includes both parts and labor. Generally, it will take a qualified mechanic less than an hour to replace the fuel filter. This price could increase for some high-end vehicles like a BMW or Mercedes.
If you decide to do some DIY work and replace the filter yourself, you could save yourself a little money. Some fuel filters can be purchased for as little as $10, although the average fuel filter cost is about $20 to $60. Since you will be performing the job yourself, you won’t need to worry about labor charges. Therefore, you could save yourself about $100 by doing the work yourself.
The Bottom Line
A bad fuel filter can cause many problems with your vehicle, and it can even make your vehicle dangerous to drive. You might notice several symptoms, like hard starts, frequent engine stalls, rough idling, or reduced engine performance. If you experience any of these issues, a bad fuel filter could be to blame. You should have your vehicle inspected by a mechanic to determine the cause of the problem. Replacing a filter is not overly expensive, as it usually costs less than $200. Therefore, go ahead and get a new fuel filter to keep your car running smoothly.
Frequently Asked Questions
What happens if you drive with a bad fuel filter?
Driving with a bad fuel filter can cause a few different problems. In some situations, it can even be dangerous. At the least, it can lead to rough idling or reduced engine performance. Since the bad fuel filter does not allow your engine to get enough gas, it will cause the engine to run improperly. On the other end of the spectrum, it could result in your engine stalling and shutting off. This could be an extremely dangerous situation if your engine stalls in traffic. Therefore, you should not drive with a bad fuel filter, and you should have it replaced as soon as possible.
Why do you need to replace your fuel filter?
You need to replace your fuel filter because it becomes dirty and clogged with small contaminants over time. The purpose of your fuel filter is to trap and remove these contaminants from the fuel so they do not enter your engine. As the filter traps more and more debris, it starts to become clogged. Once it is clogged, it will not allow fuel to pass through properly. This is why you must replace the filter with a new one at regular intervals.
What could you do to fix a bad fuel filter?
The only real fix for a bad fuel filter is replacing it with a new filter. There is really no way to clean or repair a bad fuel filter. Fuel filters are inexpensive, so there is no reason to attempt to repair an old filter. Replacement of the filter is the proper solution, so you should install a new filter once your old one has gone bad or gotten clogged.